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Hannah In The Presence Of The Lord

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Chapter Summary

This chapter examines Hannah's relative position in the narrative in view of the Masoretic Text (MT), 4QSama, and the Septuagint (LXX), which present three parallel editions of the Hannah narrative. Each of the three witnesses exhibit individual readings of the narrative and its characters, especially Hannah. LXX, for example, uniquely has Hannah saying "Here am I", a formulaic expression that is generally attributed to males; MT is the sole witness that has the Lord establishing his word rather than Hannah's; and 4QSama is non-aligned with its statement that Hannah worshipped the Lord in Shiloh (after presenting Samuel to Eli). These and other readings concerning Hannah are not the result of mechanical or textual variants caused by putative scribal errors, although such variants are common in this narrative. Rather, each of the three texts has distinguishable ideological or theological elements that are demonstrative of parallel editions.

Keywords: 4QSama; Hannah; Lord; Masoretic Text (MT); Samuel; Septuagint (LXX)



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