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The First Sangas

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Chapter Summary

This chapter discusses the attestations of the first sangas. It gives a reconstructed transcription of the seal inscription. Warad-Sîn is only attested as the father of Annumpi- šamaš. The reason for including him here as a possible sanga is given in the discussion of the names of the first sangas. The first sanga in the documentation is Annumpi- šamaš, whose name is abbreviated once to Annum-pišu. It is impossible to find out how long he held his office. He is the only sanga known under Immerum and one of his attestations gives a synchronism with Sumu-la-El. There are no direct references to temple building activities by Immerum, except an Inanna temple. Some indirect evidence, though, points to the existence of the šamaš temple in his time: one of Immerum's year names refers to the building of the wall of the gagûm, an institution associated with the šamaš temple.

Keywords: Šamaš temple; Annum-pīšu; Annumpī- Šamaš; first sangas; gagûm; Immerum; Sumu-la-El; Warad-Sîn



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