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Before The Second Sanga

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Chapter Summary

From the time of the independent rulers of Sippar and the first kings of Babylon until somewhere during the reign of Sabium, the sanga of šamaš appears alone, not accompanied by a second sanga. In the two earliest documents the second witness is Ilum-mušallim, whose profession is not given in the texts but appears from his seal impression on the case of, e.g., BDHP 14 to be doorkeeper of the gagûm. As to the his position relative to the other temple personnel, it is clear that as soon as the overseer of the nadiatum is present, under Immerum, he takes the second place after the sanga and Ilummušallim moves to the third place. Amurrum-bani, his son, follows in his father's footsteps as doorkeeper of the gagûm. The next two second witnesses, Imlik-Sîn and Bur-Nunu, belong to the well known family of overseers of the nadiatum of šamaš.

Keywords: Amurrum-bāni; Būr-Nunu; gagûm; Ilum-mušallim; Imlik-Sîn; Immerum; nadiātum of Šamaš; overseer of nadiātum; Sabium; second sanga



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