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The Second Sanga

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Chapter Summary

It is well known that, from somewhere during the reign of Sabium onwards, the sanga of šamaš of the Ebabbar in Sippar-Ja_rurum is nearly always accompanied in the witness lists by a second sanga, sometimes called 'junior sanga' by assyriologists although in ancient times there was initially no difference in title. During a good hundred and twenty years, from Sabium to Abi-ešuh, both were sanga of šamaš. It is only from the reign of Abi-ešuh on that the title of the second sanga was changed to sanga of Aja, šamaš' divine spouse. Again, the existence of these second sangas is revealed nearly exclusively through the witness lists of the texts. This chapter examines them in chronological order and comments on their seal use, often referring to or summarising the findings for the first sangas.

Keywords: Abi-ešuh; Ebabbar; junior sanga; reign of Sabium; sanga of Šamaš; sanga of Aja; second sanga; Sippar-Ja_rūrum



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