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I.A. The Sanga Of Šamaš

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Chapter Summary

The sanga is the head of the temple. He is not only the administrator but also performs cultic functions. It is clear that the sanga of Šamaš in Sippar must be distinguished from the other sangas of locally less important deities. The religious and economic importance of the Šamaš temple implies that its head had a very high social status. Eight named sangas appear in texts in roles other than witnesses. Six of them are first sangas, two second ones. The two second sangas who appear in roles other than witness are Marduk- mušallim and his successor Etel-pī-Nabium. Unnamed persons bearing the title of sanga of Šamaš or Aja are found in eight texts in roles other than witnesses. Another source of information as to the social position of the sanga is provided by the witness lists of the many private contracts in which they appear.

Keywords:Šamaš temple; Aja; Etel-pī-Nabium; Marduk- mušallim; sanga



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