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Chapter Summary

Social movements, individuals and CS groups frequently act as catalysts or 'agenda-setters' for intergovernmental lawmaking. GCS actors have raised issues of widespread human concern not addressed by States in international law by means of social movements and individual initiatives, which then shepherded the creation of new international law. Social movements and citizen initiatives have persuaded States to recognise new norms and obligations as general CIL, which were formalised later in treaties, judgments, soft law instruments or functional arrangements. Through various UN System instrumentalities, individuals have participated directly as independent experts, rapporteurs, State delegates and representatives of NGOs in the drafting of legal texts subsequently adopted by States and binding upon them. This Chapter comprises studies of cases selected for analysis of the direct and indirect contributions made by GCS actors to the elaboration of normative legal provisions in treaties and declarations as 'soft' law formulations.

Keywords: global civil society (GCS); international law; lawmaking; NGOs; social movements; treaties; UN system



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