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Rom 2:12–3:20: God's Righteous Judgment And The Sinful Jews Who Are Under The Law

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Chapter Summary

In Rom 2:12-3:20, Paul advances his argument through three kinds of delivery style. To begin with, Paul treats the relationship between the law and God's impartial judgment with a series of statement in Rom 2:12-16. Then, he focuses on the sinfulness of the Jews with regard to the law and circumcision, and describes it by changing his delivery style into a diatribal communication in Rom 2:17-29. From the inference of Rom 2:12-29, Paul re-adjusts the status of the Jews (Rom 3:1-8) and strengthens his previous argument about God's judgment against human sinfulness (Rom 3:9-20). Here, he switches the argumentative style into more vivid diatribal objections and rejections. Thus, throughout this section, the interaction between human sinfulness and God's judgment appears as the dominant topical framework.

Keywords: circumcision; diatribal communication; God's righteous judgment; human sinfulness; Jews; Paul's gospel; Rom 2:12-3:20



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