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Rom 8:1–39: The Holy Spirit And Believers In God's Salvation

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Chapter Summary

Rom 8:1-39 is considered as a discrete discourse unit, because the reference of the Holy Spirit provides a new topical boundary. Regarding the inner structure, Rom 8:1-39 is divided into three sub-units. The works of three divine participants (God, Jesus, and the Holy Spirit) determine the differential status between believers and non-believers. The concept that the Spirit is the agent of the salvific transfer from the old realm to the new realm is new in Paul's argument. In addition, the overarching antithesis between the old and new realms demonstrates that Rom 8:1-17 is derived from Paul's explanation on two Adamic realms in Rom 5:12-21. Therefore, Rom 8:1-39 serves an important role in Paul's argument in a way that, by means of expounding the Spirit's role in the status and life of believers, this section gives a supplementary view on the salvific works of the divine participants.

Keywords: divine participant; God's salvation; Holy Spirit; Jesus; Paul's argument; Rom 8:1-39; salvific realm



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