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The Cult Of Hathor, Lady Of Dendereh, And The Pantheon Of Mentuhotep

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Chapter Summary

The chapel was consecrated by King Nebhepetre Mentuhotep to the goddess Hathor, Lady of Dendereh. The undoubted predominance of Montu, Amun, Re, Hathor and Horus as dynastic deities is vouchsafed by an inscription, probably from the period of Sehertawy Inyotef, in which the king appears to emphasize the goddess's renewed protection, and by the hymn to Re and Hathor, mistress of heaven and of love, by Wahankh Inyotef. Interest in the goddess as the dynasty's guardian deity must have started in the reign of Sehertawy Inyotef, with the conquest of the 4th nome and of Dendereh. On a block belonging to Seankhare Mentuhotep at Armant, Jwnit, &t;she of Armant&t;, Lady of Ankhtawy, also wears a feathered tunic and a wig with a vulture, whose head is missing and replaced by a uraeus, uniting the two symbols of Nekhbet and Wadjet and thus reflecting the theme of unification.

Keywords: Amun; Hathor; Horus; Lady of Dendereh; Mentuhotep; Montu; Re; Sehertawy Inyotef; Wadjet; Wahankh Inyotef



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