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Lutheran Humanists On Greek: The History Of Greek And Greek In History

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Chapter Summary

Lutheran engagement with antiquity, Greek or other, was predominantly textual. This chapter examines Lutheran opinions concerning the Greek language itself. It attempts at reconstructing Melanchthonian views on the history of Greek and Greek in history. Throughout his forty-two years in Wittenberg Melanchthon continued to lecture on Greek authors, and published Latin translations and commentaries on Greek works. This is in itself revealing since a lectureship in the lower faculty was often treated by contemporaries as a stepping-stone to a professorship at one of the three higher faculties. Martin Crusius postulated the necessity of Greek and its role in history in a short preface to the first part of his Grammatica Graeca. The chapter attempts to demonstrate that the ideology behind an endorsement of Greek studies was deeply rooted in a more general Protestant view of history.

Keywords: Greek; Lutheran humanists; Martin Crusius; Melanchthon



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