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Role Of The UN In The Promotion And Protection Of Human Rights

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Chapter Summary

The international regimes of human rights can be categorized as 'universal' or 'regional', closely associated with existing international or regional organizations from which they derive their legitimacy. The universal regime of promotion and protection of human rights has been conceived and grown under the auspices of the Organization of the United Nations. The idea of creating a regime for the protection of human rights with universal scope was at the very essence of the creation of the UN Organization in 1945. This chapter analyzes the different ideologies and geopolitical backgrounds that have guided and shaped the UN human rights activities throughout its existence. It then outlines the main standards and processes moulding normative developments of the UN system for the protection and promotion of human rights. The chapter will conclude with an overview of the main UN charter-based and treaty-based mechanisms available to implement those standards.

Keywords: charter-based mechanisms; promotion of human rights; protection of human rights; treaty-based machanisms; United Nations (UN)



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