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Rabbi As A Title Of Jesus

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Chapter Summary

In the Gospels Jesus is addressed as 'rabbi,' a Greek transliteration of the Aramaic title for a teacher, more than by any other designation. Jesus is addressed as 'rabbi' not only by his disciples, but also and explicitly by those on the margins of his movement, and he is known as such even among those potentially or actually opposed to him. Pharisaism instances how local rabbis, in this case within urban environments, might crystallize into a movement. The Pharisees are portrayed by Josephus as being critical of the Hasmonean priesthood. The term 'Pharisee' is probably an outsiders' name for adherents of the movement, meaning 'separatist' or 'purist'; participants in the movement appear to have referred to their ancient predecessors as 'the sages' or 'the wise,' and to their more recent predecessors and contemporaries as 'teachers'.

Keywords: Jesus; Pharisaism; rabbi



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