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Chapter Summary

'Apocrypha' refers to a corpus of books not found in Jewish or Protestant Christian canon but included in the Old Testament by Roman Catholic, Coptic, and Eastern Orthodox churches. Pseudepigrapha is Greek for 'things bearing a false ascription', and is used here to refer to a body of literature written under the assumed name of a revered figure from the past. A Jewish historian and philosopher from Alexandria, Egypt, Philo wrote extensively on a variety of issues. Flavius Josephus provides some of the most important historical documentation of the events in Palestine from antiquity available. Since their discovery over sixty years ago, the Judean Desert texts that we popularly know as the Dead Sea Scrolls have dramatically increased our understanding of Second Temple Judaism and the origins of rabbinic Judaism and Christianity.

Keywords: Apocrypha; Dead Sea Scrolls; Flavius Josephus; Philo; Pseudepigrapha



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