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An Integrated Verb System For Biblical Hebrew Prose And Poetry

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Chapter Summary

This chapter focuses on the analysis of the verbal system in Biblical Hebrew (BH) is based on the text-linguistic approach of Harald Weinrich. The author text-linguistic analysis takes into consideration three levels with a bottom-up methodology, i.e., from morphology, up to syntax and to semantics. The purpose of the chapter is to give an overview of the verb system in BH, first in prose, then in poetry, in order to show how poetry relates to prose, in particular to the verb system of direct speech. A major problem in poetry is the occurring in parallel cola of a form of the past, qatal or wayyiqtol, and a form of the future, yiqtol. In a non-verbal sentence, as in the verbal one, word order is predicate-subject when the sentence is predicative and main; it is subject-predicate when the sentence is dependent.

Keywords: Biblical Hebrew (BH) prose; Biblical Hebrew poetry; integrated verb system; text-linguistic approach



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