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The Earliest Known Manuscripts Of Samaritan Arabic Chronicles And Other Texts In The Russian National Library In St. Petersburg

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Chapter Summary

The study of the surviving Samaritan literature in Hebrew and Aramaic is most effectively done by beginning with the manuscripts, and specifically the Arabic manuscripts. The MSS of this chapter can be compared in importance with that of the Dead Sea scrolls. There are 9 MSS of Deuteronomy, 2,700 parchment leaves, 2,350 paper lists, 55 MSS comments on Deuteronomy, and 34 MSS on theological subjects. The modern scientific textual and exegetical criticism of the Old and New Testaments can be said to have started at the Renaissance. The Samaritan Targum is not a single translation, but many. The translations seem literal, but are not, if the scholia of the MSS. of the Arabic translation are studied. The Firkovitch collection of MSS in the Russian National Library in St. Petersburg, and especially the Samaritan-Arabic section, contains material of diverse types that is necessary for the scientific study of Scripture.

Keywords: Russian National Library; Samaritan Arabic Chronicles; St. Petersburg

10.1163/ej.9789004179776.i-640.42
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