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The Coincidental Textual Nature Of The Collections Of Ancient Scriptures

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Chapter Summary

The group of Greek Scripture texts contained in the collection of the "LXX," such as represented, for example in the critical editions, represents a heterogeneous group of texts, not only regarding their translation character, but also with regard to their date and status. The diversity of the translation units in the Peshitta resembles that of the LXX. This chapter examines several different Targumim for the Torah, three for Esther, two for Job, as well as single ones for the Prophets and other Writings. These translations vary considerably, ranging from fairly literal to extremely paraphrastic, the latter containing collections of midrashim. The element of coincidence in the creation of the archetype of Masoretic Text (MT) is slighter than in the case of the mentioned translations because the MT collection was more homogeneous and carefully transmitted than the collections of authoritative writings in translation.

Keywords: Ancient Scripture; LXX; Masoretic Text (MT)



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