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The Significance Of The Pre-Maccabean Literature From The Qumran Library For The Understanding Of The Hebrew Bible

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Chapter Summary

The Dead Sea Scrolls in general and the Qumran manuscripts in particular are among the most important collections of ancient manuscripts ever found. With regard to its significance for the understanding of the Hebrew Bible, the Qumran library has mostly been analyzed in three respects: (1) the text critical analysis of the biblical manuscripts from Qumran provides new insights into the textual history of biblical books; (2) the exegetical and paratextual literature from the Qumran library documents the interpretative history of biblical books in Hellenistic times; (3) the Hebrew and Aramaic of the Dead Sea Scrolls help to illuminate late biblical Hebrew and biblical Aramaic. The chapter provides a list that gives an idea about the pre-Maccabean literature preserved in the Qumran library. The Aramaic Levi Document (ALD) is a description of the life of Levi based on various parts of the Pentateuch and other Jewish texts.

Keywords: Aramaic Levi Document (ALD); Hebrew Bible; pre-Maccabean literature; Qumran library



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