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Discrimination Against Jesuits Of Jewish Lineage (1573–93)

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Chapter Summary

This chapter explores the raison d’être of the anti-converso policy under Mercurian and Acquaviva between 1573 and 1593. Arguably, the discriminatory policy of Mercurian one that was subsequently endorsed also by Acquaviva and the defeat of the converso lobby during General Congregation 3 triggered the anti-Roman movement by Iberian Jesuits known as memorialistas. The documents of Acquaviva and his three assistants general that we have quoted thus far undoubtedly reveal that legislating discrimination against Christians of Jewish lineage during General Congregation 5, which ironically was forced to convene under pressure from the converso Jesuits José de Acosta and Francisco de Toledo was orchestrated as a punishment for the alleged participation of conversos in the revolt against the way in which Acquaviva and his assistants general governed the Society.

Keywords: Acquaviva; discrimination; Jesuits; Jewish lineage; Mercurian



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