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Historical Background

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Chapter Summary

The implementation of the civil service reform between 1994 and 2002 has to be seen in its historical context. For a long time Malawi was perceived to be a beacon of stability in an otherwise tumultuous region of Africa. The volatile political situation and economic difficulties Malawi experienced after its transition to multi-party democracy stand in marked contrast to the promising years following the country's independence. Banda had eliminated all potential political competitors already in 1964 during the "Cabinet Crisis" when he ousted the majority of the cabinet ministers and forced them into exile. After independence, Malawi's economy grew substantially, as a result of the expansion of the tobacco sector, promoted by Banda. Until the end of his rule, Banda and the MCP exercised strict control over the civil service. Between 1994 and 2002, the government implemented far-reaching reform programmes under the guidance of the World Bank and the IMF.

Keywords: Africa; civil service reform; IMF; Kamuzu Banda; Malawi; World Bank

10.1163/ej.9789004179820.i-168.15
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