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The Aftermath Of 7 July 2005: New Trends In Terrorism

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Chapter Summary

The multiple bombings in London on 7 July 2005 demonstrated the emergence of new trends in terrorism that had also started to manifest themselves elsewhere, most notably in Australia and the United States. The first is that of the self-recruited group, composed of nationals of the target country, who draw inspiration from, but may not necessarily be under the direct operational control of, al-Qaeda. The second trend, concerns the composition of the group carrying out the attack. This was a mixture of 'born again' Muslims and criminals radicalised in prison and possibly recruited there who came together voluntarily or through the efforts of one individual to plan and carry out the attack. The third emerging trend is that of minimal-cost terrorism. The Internet plays a vital role in educating would-be terrorists. As the post-9/11 investigations showed, it also plays a vital role in the command and control processes.

Keywords: al-Qaeda; London; minimal-cost terrorism; Muslims; self-recruited group; terrorism

10.1163/ej.9789004179851.i-276.32
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