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Dismantling The Defensive Wall Of The Colonized: The Veil And The French Law On Secularity And Conspicuous Religious Symbols In Schools

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Chapter Summary

The proposed law for constitutional review only focused on legislation against "ostentatious religious signs and dresses" which according to the Ministry of Education "whose wearing in public schools leads to the immediate recognition of the wearer's religious belonging, which is to say the Islamic veil". The law banning conspicuous religious symbols in schools became effective in September 2004. What distinguished the French colonial expedition in Egypt from other European colonizers' conquests was a group of French scientists who accompanied Bonaparte. Estimates for the French Muslim immigrant population range anywhere from 3 to 6 million, but one official estimate in 2000 put the total number at 4,145,000 of which about 3 million were from the Maghreb. The French of Algerian origin at the center of the hijab controversy, explained in this chapter represents an ethnic and national identity that challenges the French notion of Republicanism and ethnic identity.

Keywords: conspicuous religious symbols; French colonial expedition; French Muslim immigrant; French Republicanism; hijab; Islamic veil; Maghreb



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