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General Assembly

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Chapter Summary

The Allied plans for a new World Organization were clearly dominated by the superpower-controlled Security Council. At the Founding Conference in San Francisco, the less powerful states applied themselves successfully to attempts to give the General Assembly more power and autonomy, and to place it as a co-ordination organ at the center of the UN system. According to Articles 11 to 14 of the UN Charter, the General Assembly has advisory, control, and electoral functions. For important decisions, such as decisions concerning the maintenance of international peace and security, the election of the non-permanent members of the Security Council and the admission of new members, a two-thirds majority of the members present and voting is required. In the first years, the General Assembly developed many more activities in peacekeeping and crisis management than the founders had intended or expected. Insofar, the real power of the General Assembly is limited.

Keywords: General Assembly; International Law; UN Charter; World Organization

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