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Human Rights

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Chapter Summary

Human rights are rights which are enjoyed by all human beings, on the basis that they are human. The United Nations Human rights are accorded an important position in the Charter of the United Nations, and their universality is described in the preamble, and accentuated in the body of the Charter. The goals of the organization are defined in Article 1, among them to promote and encourage respect for human rights and fundamental freedoms for all, without distinction as to race, sex, language or religion. The Declaration on the Right to Development of 4 December 1986 sought to end the discussion on the three generations of human rights. First: civil and political rights; second: economic, social and cultural rights; third: right to development, right to environment, etc. Effective control and conditioning of international humanitarian aid are the tools used in promoting respect for human rights.

Keywords: human rights; Right to Development; UN Charter; United Nations



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