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Human Rights Conventions, Convention On The Prevention And Punishment Of The Crime Of Genocide

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Chapter Summary

Through the Convention on the Prevention and Punishment of the Crime of Genocide, in short Genocide Convention, adopted by the UN General Assembly on 9 December 1948, all crimes of genocide are qualified as crimes under international law, no matter whether these measures are committed in time of peace or in time of war. The latest judgment of the ICJ dealing with the application of the Genocide Convention of 26 February 2007 deals with proceedings filed by Bosnia-Herzegovina against Serbia and Montenegro. The international criminal jurisdiction for crimes of genocide has first been made possible by the UN Security Council in establishing the Ad-hoc Criminal Tribunal of the UN for the Former Yugoslavia and for Rwanda. Article 4 of the statute of the Tribunal for Former Yugoslavia and Article 2 of the statute of the Tribunal for Rwanda give the two Tribunals, inter alia, the power to prosecute genocide.

Keywords: crime of genocide; human rights conventions; ICJ; prevention; punishment; UN Security Council



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