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International Economic Relations And New International Economic Order (NIEO)

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Chapter Summary

The programme for the establishment of a New International Economic Order (NIEO) considers itself as an attempt to initiate discussion on some of the measures needed for a re-organization of the world's economy. The demand for a NIEO was without any doubt an enormous political and economic challenge for the industrialized countries, because it aimed at a change of the traditional North-South-Relations in favor of the developing countries. However, the Western industrialized countries saw the demand for a NIEO as assault on the free market economy and feared the establishment of a dirigiste international planned economy. Against the backdrop of a changed political world situation after the dissolution of the Soviet empire and the end of the East-West-Conflict, both of which the Third World had used as instruments to push through their demands, there was a new thinking with regard to the new structure of the international economic relations.

Keywords: free market economy; General Assembly; international economic relations; New International Economic Order (NIEO); North-South-Relations



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