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International Law And The UN

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Chapter Summary

In the UN system, initiatives for the development of international law primarily originate in the General Assembly. In addition especially the ECOSOC, the Security Council, the Secretariat of the Secretary General and the International Court of Justice (ICJ) participate in the development of international law. The earliest significant efforts to codify international law were made at the Vienna Congress of 1814-15 and the Hague Peace Conferences of 1899 and 1907. The UN Charter vests the General Assembly with a right to initiate the development of international law. The General Assembly has the competence to convene conferences of member states with the task of discussing, finalizing and adopting conventions for the codification of international law. The influence that such General Assembly resolutions have exerted on the development of international law can be illustrated by discussing the Friendly Relations Declaration and the Declaration on the Granting of Independence.

Keywords: ECOSOC; Friendly Relations Declaration; Hague Peace Conference; International Court of Justice (ICJ); international law; UN Charter; UN General Assembly



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