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Law Of The Sea

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Chapter Summary

The term international law of the sea covers the rules of public international law governing the legal status and relations of and on the sea, the seabed and subsoil, and the airspace above it. The four Geneva Conventions on the Law of the Sea to a large extent codified existing customary international law. The negotiations at Third United Nations Conference on the Law of the Sea (UNCLOS III) were strongly influenced by two procedural principles: the formulation of package deals and the consensus principle. The United Nations Conference on Environment and Development (UNCED), which met in Rio de Janeiro from 3 to 14 June 1992 called in its Agenda 21 for an intergovernmental conference under United Nations auspices with a view to promoting the effective implementation of the provisions of the LOSC on straddling fish stocks and highly migratory fish stocks, a call which was endorsed by the General Assembly.

Keywords: Geneva Convention; international law of the sea; UN General Assembly; UNCED; UNCLOS III; United Nations Conference



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