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Chapter Summary

Peacekeeping operations are usually established by the Security Council, which holds primary responsibility under the Charter for the maintenance of international peace and security. The earliest activities, which have later been referred to as peacekeeping operations were missions of unarmed military observers to monitor cease-fires in Palestine in 1948 and Kashmir in 1949. During UNOSOM II when, apart of 130 Blue Helmets from other nations, 18 American soldiers had been killed in the course of an operation entirely, as it happened, US-lead in Mogadishu. The African Union (AU), the European Union (EU), the Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS), the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO), the Organization of American States (OAS) and the Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe (OSCE) have successfully cooperated with the United Nations in a number of peacekeeping operations.

Keywords: African Union (AU); Blue Helmets; peacekeeping operations; Security Council; United Nations; UNOSOM



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