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Peacekeeping Operations

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Chapter Summary

Peacekeeping operations (PKO), also called peace operations or peace support operations (PSO), are among the bestknown and most important activities of the United Nations. Until 1989 the majority of UN missions dealt with conflicts between states, especially in the Middle East. The term peacekeeping is not contained in the Charter of the UN, but the authority for the UN to become involved is obvious from the UNs responsibility for the maintenance of international peace and security in general. Generally, peacekeeping operations are mandated by the Security Council (in some cases by the General Assembly, Uniting for Peace Resolution), and are led by the Secretary General. The 2008 guidelines attempt to bring some orientation into the conceptual debate underlying the debates on peacekeeping operations by offering a common understanding of UN peacekeeping.

Keywords: General Assembly; peacekeeping operations (PKO); Security Council; UN peacekeeping



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