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Chapter Summary

Regionalization generally refers to the formation of regionally organized economic and political integration areas, as well to as a growing orientation of the political actors towards regions. The maintenance of the international peace (Peace, Peace Concept, Threat to Peace) and security is the only domain for which the UN Charter has explicitly provided regional arrangements. As regional organs within the UN system in the field of development assistance, five regional economic commissions (Economic Commissions, Regional) have been established by the Economic and Social Council (ECOSOC). The tendency towards regionalization is furthermore evident in the decision-making processes of the United Nations. The 1980s witnessed a revitalization of regionalism on the European level with the decision to establish the internal market of the European Community (EC) and the European Economic and Monetary Union.

Keywords: Economic and Social Council (ECOSOC); European Community (EC); international peace; regionalization; UN Charter



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