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Chapter Summary

The United Nations Centre for Human Settlements (UNCHS), usually referred to as Habitat, was founded in 1977 by the General Assembly as the hub of the United Nations (UN) activities related to human settlement and their development. In the early seventies an international discussion began about urban living environments, how they should be utilized, and related problems. The United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) conference held in Vancouver, Canada in 1976 (known as Habitat I), passed a declaration of principles which included 64 recommendations that were regarded as necessary to ensure the bare essentials for human habitation (such as shelter, clean water, sanitary installations). The second conference within the framework of UNCHS was held in Istanbul in 1996 (Habitat II) which focused on the growing phenomenon of urbanization and its related problems.

Keywords: UN Habitat; UNCHS; United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP)



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