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UNHCR – United Nations High Commissioner For Refugees

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Chapter Summary

On 3 December 1949, the General Assembly of the United Nations adopted a resolution that recognized the responsibility of the UN for the international protection of refugees. To fulfill the task, it was at the same time decided to establish the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) as per 1 January 1951. The 1951 Convention regulates the rights and duties of a recognized refugee in his country of asylum and offers an internationally binding definition of the term &t;refugee&t;. Other important references for UNHCR's work are the regional refugee conventions such as the Convention of the Organization of African Unity (OAU) of 1969 and the Cartagena Declaration on Refugees of 1984. Along with traditional challenges such as ensuring the sustainability of solutions for refugees, UNHCR faces new tests related to the increasingly mixed nature of many present-day population flows.

Keywords: 1951 Convention; country of asylum; General Assembly; Organization of African Unity (OAU); UNHCR

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