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UN Policy, China

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Chapter Summary

In parallel with the varied and eventful internal developments during the first six decades of its history, the People's Republic of China (PRC) has made several changes in its policy towards the United Nations. Contrary to the expectation of many third world countries, that China should become an active proponent of the Non-Aligned Movement, the PRC played a rather passive role in this respect and became really active only when its national interests were at stake. China dissociated itself very quickly from its former function as a revolutionary troublemaker (which had been emphasized so much under the leadership of Mao Zedong), and returned to its traditional role of maintaining order and stability. The PRC demanded that the &t;Five Principles of Peaceful Coexistence&t; (sovereignty, non-aggression, non-interference, equality and peaceful coexistence), which it originally had initiated with others in 1954, should become a leitmotif for a new international policy.

Keywords: China; Non-Aligned Movement; peaceful coexistence; UN Policy

10.1163/ej.9789004180048.i-962.673
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