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Voting Right And Decision-Making Procedures

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Chapter Summary

In the organs of the United Nations (Principal Organs, Subsidiary Organs, Treaty Bodies), the principle of equal voting power applies. In accordance with the notion of legal equality of states, the UN Charter has retained the principle of equal voting power of all member states. Weighted voting, a method which can apply different criteria for the allocation of votes, was first introduced in the nineteenth century in European federal systems. The equal voting power of member states in the UN was increasingly criticized, when, in the wake of decolonization, a great number of territorially very small and/or sparsely populated states were admitted to the UN. Substantive decisions of the Security Council require an affirmative vote of nine members (out of fifteen), including the concurring votes of the permanent members (Art. 27 (3) of the UN Charter).

Keywords: equal voting power ; Security Council ; United Nations; weighted voting



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