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WHO – World Health Organization

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Chapter Summary

At the beginning of the twentieth century, different international organs were established as forerunners of the World Health Organization (WHO). The work of WHO is managed by the Secretariat. It consists currently of some 8000 health and other experts and support staff on fixed-term appointments, working at headquarters, in the six regional offices, and in countries. The budget of WHO consists of assessed contributions of its member states which are oriented on the scale of assessments for the membership contributions of the UN member states and are based on the size of the population and the economy of the respective countries. WHO has succeeded in eliminating and mitigating important diseases since its establishment in 1948. For the fight against non-communicable diseases, in particular, cancer and cardiovascular diseases, WHO developed the WHO Framework Convention on Tobacco Control (FCTC).

Keywords: Framework Convention on Tobacco Control (FCTC); UN member states; World Health Organization (WHO)



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