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WMO – World Meteorological Organization

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Chapter Summary

The World Meteorological Organization (WMO) successor to the semigovernmental International Meteorological Organization (IMO) founded in 1879 was established in 1950 by ratification of the 1947 convention on the world organization for meteorology. The WMO consists of five main organs, the World Meteorological Congress, the Executive Council, six regional associations, eight technical commissions and the Secretariat. Within the framework of the WMO programmes national meteorological and hydrological services contribute substantially to protection against natural disasters, to safeguarding the environment and to enhancing the economic and social stability of different sectors of society in such areas as food security, water resources and transport. The World Weather Watch Programme, the most important of all WMO programmes, combines data processing and coordinates observation and communications systems that are operated by members, to put meteorological and connected geophysical information at the disposal of meteorological and hydrological services.

Keywords: International Meteorological Organization (IMO); World Meteorological Congress; World Meteorological Organization (WMO)



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