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Disarmament

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Chapter Summary

Since the end of the 19th century disarmament has been a goal of those macro theories of international relations which are interested in cooperation and of the activities of the societal peace movements both of the workers and the middle classes. A comprehensive disarmament strategy comprised at least four conceptual components: disarmament, arms control, crisis management and confidence building measures. While the United Nations and the peace research community gave preference to disarmament, the Western strategic studies community uses arms control. Proactive cooperative and multilateral strategies are needed that require mutual trust while the Hobbesian fear is based on distrust on the motives and behavior of the other. Thus, overcoming the deadlock in the disarmament talks of the past decade is a precondition for being able to fundamentally shift the focus and allocation of resources to the new non-military security challenges posed by the consequences of global environmental change.

Keywords: arms control; confidence building measures; crisis management; disarmament; global environmental change; societal peace movements; United Nations

10.1163/ej.9789004180048.i-962.96
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