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Scoti, Cives Cracovienses: Their Ethnic And Social Identity, 1570–1660

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Chapter Summary

This study examines how much the Scots who lived in Little Poland in 1570-1660 identified themselves and were perceived as a separate ethnicity. To answer this question, the chapter analyses how ethnic and territorial identity formed the immigrants' ties with their immediate environment and how those ties influenced their social integration. Thus, the discourse must comment on the Scots' relationships with the local authorities as well as on professional and family interactions. These issues will primarily be presented by referring to the exceptionally rich archives of the city of Cracow. The documentation of the Cracow authorities shows that the Scots entered into credit transactions most often amongst those within their circle, an observation that is in accordance with similar studies based upon the Lvov records. The Cracow Italians were also well integrated, but unlike the Germans, perceived as a separate ethnic group even into the mid-seventeenth century.

Keywords: Cracow Italians; ethnicity; Germans; Little Poland; Scots' relationships; Social Identity



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