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Fortress Rotterdam? Rotterdam's Scots Community And The Covenanter Cause, 1638–1688

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Chapter Summary

This chapter traverses much of the seventeenth-century history of Rotterdam's Scots community. In the pages of volume five of the kerkera-adsnotulen of Rotterdam's Dutch Reformed Church devoted to 1663, three entries concerning George Petrie, apothecary, spanning a period from early February to late September. The most recent micro history of the community tends to think in terms of just two Scots Rotterdams, those who "went Dutch" and the more ardently Calvinist exiles. Evidence of Scots Rotterdam's demographic maturity was thick on the ground by the early 1630s. Important economic patterns and institutions had also been established by the 1630s, which complicate the portrayal of Scots Rotterdam as a community whose members were chiefly animated by confessionally- defined goals. Petrie, along with those of the Scots Church of Rotterdam's consistory who were willing, did manage to promote Covenanter ideals up to a point, but failed spectacularly in imposing a Covenanter agenda.

Keywords: Calvinist exiles; Covenanter agenda; Dutch Reformed Church; George Petrie; Rotterdam's Scots community



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