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Towns South Of The Danube

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Chapter Summary

Unlike towns in Poland and Hungary, urban centres in the south- Danube area do not share their features with any counterparts. Urban life only endured in the coastal areas of Dalmatia, the towns here owing their survival to the economic and political contact with the Byzantine Empire. Outside the borders of the Byzantine Empire, the western Balkans enticed other powers all throughout the Middle Ages: the empire of Charlemagne, the kingdom of Hungary, Venice, the Serbian kingdom and the Ottoman Empire, all of them ruling the area, more or less briefly. This is why historians divide towns in this area into several groups: towns developing as influenced by the Italian urban model (in Dalmatia), by the Byzantine one (in lands owned by the empire) to which are added, as a specific feature, mining towns (in Serbia and Bosnia), created under the influence of the Central- European model.

Keywords: Byzantine army; eastern Serbia; Hungarian king; Roman towns; south- Danube



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