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Institutional, Social, Ethnic And Economic Structures

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Chapter Summary

In the Romanian Principalities, as well as in Hungary, Poland, or Serbia, the monarch was the one regulating the rights of towns. In Romanian-inhabited territory, the monarchy followed a Byzantine pattern, claiming divine right and ultimate power over all other institutions. This was how the rulers of Wallachia and Moldavia attempted, and to a certain extent succeeded, to assert supremacy over the other powers of the state. The judet, along with townspeople, divided the parcels of land on the town domain annually. Ultimately, the judet and the pârgari intervened for townspeople in commercial disputes that they had with other townspeople, local or abroad. This chapter explains institutional, social, ethnic and economic structures of the towns.

Keywords: judet ; pârgari ; Byzantine; economic power; ethnicity; institutional autonomy; Moldavia; Romanian Principalities; social role; Wallachia



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