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4 African Civil Society, ‘Blood Diamonds’ And The Kimberley Process

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Chapter Summary

The ?conflict? or ?blood? diamonds campaign effectively lasted for a little over three years, probably a shorter lifespan than any other comparable campaign in history. This chapter examines how the campaign started, the role of African civil society groups in sustaining it, and why it was so successful. It resulted in sanctions against rebels in Sierra Leone and the Liberian government, and the Kimberley Process Certification Scheme (KPCS), the global UN Security Council-endorsed system requiring the tamper-proof certification of all rough diamonds before they are traded internationally. Shortly after the Kimberley Process meetings started, a joint Belgian/UK/US mission to Sierra Leone was undertaken to develop an experimental tamperproof certification system for rough diamonds, the details of which were approved by the UN Security Council in August 2000.

Keywords: African civil society; blood diamonds; Kimberley Process; Liberian government; Sierra Leone; UN Security Council



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