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8 Bare-Foot Activists: Transformations In The Haratine Movement In Mauritania

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Chapter Summary

This chapter analyzes the transformations undergone by the Haratine movement since its first actions in 1980. It describes the trajectory of the collective action as it developed at the interface between society, politics and the struggle for civil and human rights. The chapter focuses on the movement?s origins and the successive changes in its form of organization, types of actions and the outcome of its activism. Located between the Western Sahara to the north and the Senegal River to the south, the Islamic Republic of Mauritania has a population of about three million. Questioning the legitimacy of slavery has often been considered going against the national religion. El-Hor?s charter was circulated clandestinely, like many other political tracts at that time. The development of the activism characteristic of SOS Esclaves represents one of the most important transformations undergone by the Haratine movement.

Keywords: activism; El-Hor?s charter; Haratine movement; human rights; Mauritania; slavery; SOS Esclaves



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