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11 ‘Campus Cults’ In Nigeria: The Development Of An Anti-Social Movement

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Chapter Summary

Nigerians have become concerned by the problem of ?campus cults? ? initiation societies rooted in the country?s university and college campuses that are part-student club and part criminal gang. The campus cults are quite literally an example of an anti-social movement. Nigeria?s first university was established in Ibadan in 1948 and was originally known as University College, only later being renamed the University of Ibadan. Nigeria?s first main nationalist party, the National Council of Nigeria and the Cameroons (NCNC), recruited heavily among students. The shocking Ile-Ife killings, occurring shortly after Nigeria?s return to civilian government after an almost unbroken fifteen years of military rule, stimulated widespread public debate. Initiation societies are a historically ingrained form of organization, particularly in southern Nigeria, and in pre-colonial times they played a key role in governance.

Keywords: anti-social movement; campus cults; Ibadan; initiation societies; NCNC; Nigeria



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