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Ad Hoc Democracy: Troubled Waters Too Deep, Bridges Too Few

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Chapter Summary

Afghanistan had six months from December 22, 2001 to convene an Emergency Loya Jirga (ELJ), which would then give the green signal to constitution-making; but Iraq, on the other hand, failed to meet the November 2003 deadline for developing a Transitional Administrative Law (TAL) by over the three months. Very much like the Tadjiks, jihadists also opposed the monarchy before the Bonn Conference, one reason why love was not lost for the king during his three-decade absence. Hamed Karzai's Interim Administration could only survive within a presidential format, given the bickering warlords and ethnic groups. This chapter analyzes six similarities and six differences between Iraq and Afganisthan. Two themes stand out from the similarities and three from the differences. The two themes emphasize endogenous and exogenous forces of the democratization forces. The chapter portrays an ad hoc democracy in its nascent stage, with Iraq's troubled waters running deeper than Afghanistan's.

Keywords: ad hoc democracy; Afghanistan; Bonn Conference; Emergency Loya Jirga (ELJ); exogenous force; Hamed Karzai; Iraq; jihadists; Tadjiks; Transitional Administrative Law (TAL)



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