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Adimantus: A Manichaean Missionary

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Chapter Summary

This chapter deals with the identity of Adimantus who is considered a Manichaean missionary. Augustine's acquaintance with Manichaeism, together with his purpose to refute the opinions of his former co-religionists, has resulted in an extensive anti-Manichaean oeuvre. Augustine's remark on Adimantus' identity as being Addas has been treated with suspicion by scholars. In the scholarly discussion, two kinds of arguments have been brought up. The first has to do with the Greek Abjuration Formulae, the second with the different regions in which Addas sive Adimantus could have carried out his missionary work. One is entitled to infer that Addas Adimantus' opinions belonged to the essence of Manichaeism. The origin of Addas' name may argue in favour of a Jewish Christian milieu. He became a wandering disciple of Mani and opted for a Christian ascetic lifestyle and had to endure the discomfort of travelling far and wide and suffering great hardships.

Keywords: Addas; Adimantus; Augustine; christian; Disputationes; Manichaean; missionary



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