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Combating IUU Fishing: Interaction Of Global And Regional Initiatives

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Chapter Summary

Combating illegal, unreported and unregulated (IUU) fishing has been one of the main issues on the international fisheries agenda for the past decade. The FAO International Plan of Action on IUU Fishing, adopted in 2001 by the FAO Committee on Fisheries (COFI), deserves special mention. This action plan is a voluntary instrument-a comprehensive toolbox that contains several suggested measures for combating IUU fishing, to be used by flag states, coastal states, port states and regional fisheries management organisations (RFMOs). The flag state has the primary responsibility for implementing the conservation measures adopted by the RFMOs and ensuring compliance by vessels entitled to fly its flag. The fish stocks agreement imposes a duty on port states to take measures to promote the effectiveness of sub-regional, regional and global conservation and management measures. The various initiatives taken by RFMOs have in some cases proven quite effective in combating IUU fishing.

Keywords: fish stocks agreement; flag state duties; illegal unreported and unregulated (IUU) fishing; port state schemes; regional fisheries management organisation (RFMO)



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