Cookies Policy

This site uses cookies. By continuing to browse the site you are agreeing to our use of cookies.

I accept this policy

Find out more here

United States Criminal Enforcement Of Deliberate Vessel Pollution: A Document-Based Approach To MARPOL

Brill’s MyBook program is exclusively available on BrillOnline Books and Journals. Students and scholars affiliated with an institution that has purchased a Brill E-Book on the BrillOnline platform automatically have access to the MyBook option for the title(s) acquired by the Library. Brill MyBook is a print-on-demand paperback copy which is sold at a favorably uniform low price.

Access this chapter

+ Tax (if applicable)

Chapter Summary

The most common violations detected are intentional discharges of waste oil in violation of MARPOL Annex I. In the United States, investigative agencies such as the US Coast Guard and the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) refer matters for criminal investigation to the US Department of Justice. In addition to remote sensing and physical and document inspections, criminal investigations have also been initiated as the result of 'whistleblowers'. Whistleblowers have been recognised by judges after the completion of a series of successful criminal MARPOL-related prosecutions. Enforcement and cooperation by and among parties to MARPOL holds the greatest potential to obtain cleaner seas and to assure that there can be no safe harbour for deliberate polluters.

Keywords: deliberate vessel pollution; Environmental Protection Agency (EPA); MARPOL; theory of prosecution; United States; US Department of Justice; US Coast Guard; whistleblowers



Can't access your account?
  • Tools

  • Add to Favorites
  • Printable version
  • Email this page
  • Recommend to your library

    You must fill out fields marked with: *

    Librarian details
    Your details
    Why are you recommending this title?
    Select reason:
    Law, Technology and Science for Oceans in Globalisation — Recommend this title to your library
  • Export citations
  • Key

  • Full access
  • Open Access
  • Partial/No accessInformation