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Physical Doxai In The Phaedo

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Chapter Summary

The anamnesis doctrine focuses on the cognitive function of soul, not on the vital function which plays a dominant part in other sections of the dialogue. The most important section of the Phaedo containing Presocratic doxai is the so-called autobiography of Socrates. It may be believed that Plato deftly paves the way for the use of such doxai and for the mise-en-scne which are to follow. We may conclude that what is in Plato anticipates several points of the dialectical discussion in Aristotle as well as in the diaphoniai to be found in the doxographies. But here, in the Phaedo, 'Socrates' is very brief and so to speak merely dismisses the astronomical views of the early philosophers, in particular those of Anaxagoras. Neither Plato nor Aristotle are doxographers, though it is obvious that their expositions could be used by doxographers, and were used by doxographers.

Keywords: cognitive function; dialectical discussion; diaphoniai; doxographies; Phaedo; Physical Doxai; Presocratic doxai; soul



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