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From Milky Way To Halo. Aristotle's Meteorologica, Aëtius, And Passages In Seneca And The Scholia On Aratus

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Chapter Summary

The aims of this chapter is to find out to what extent a group of meteorological chapters, viz. chs. one to six plus eighteen, in Book III of the Aetian Placita depend on and are derived from Books I to III of Aristotles Meteorologica. It studies the macrostructure of this rather large section of the Book. The contrast between meteorological phenomena which are real and those which are appearances, which is of great importance in Aristotles treatise, crucially determines the treatment of these phenomena in this section of the doxographical tract as well. It is seen that the ps.Aristotelian treatise De mundo and several meteorological scholia on Aratus also belong with the tradition which relies on this distinction, and that Seneca too is familiar with it. Now Aristotle seems to have been quite prominent and rather exceptional in claiming and arguing that rainbows and halos are optical phenomena, appearances.

Keywords: Aratus; Aristotle; De mundo; halos; Meteorologica; scholia; Seneca



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